Monday, 20 February 2017

The Future of Aquaculture - On-Land Fish Farms - The Future is Now

Hi Justin and Dominic

You need to get out from under your Ottawa bureaucrats, have people in your own offices do some actual research and come to understand that in-ocean fish farms are dinosaurs of the past and the industry has to be put on land.

Your report is actually about a decade behind the times. My list of on-land fish farms is huge, more than 173 actual, on-land fish farm systems around the world, comprising almost 20,000 actual on-land farms: Denmark already has 50% of its fish farms on land, and Finland has 100% of its industry on land, and forbids in-ocean fish farms.

Here is just one article, from today, Feb 20, 2017 on the vast interest in on-land fish farms: In-Ocean on the Skids - interest in on-land fish farms growing fast:

You need to wake up, move from the conflicted position you are in now, and put the industry on land. Fish farms operate in Norway with government. They call it neo-liberalism, we call it conflict of interest. Both DFO and the CFIA are conflicted. In fact, they have fraudulently colluded to not find disease in BC:   

DFO, the CFIA and BCMAL cannot find disease:, even though other researchers have shown European ISA is in BC.

The Sea Around Us project recently showed that the fish farm industry has trashed the ocean forage fish. In fact, 19 of the top 20 fish meal stocks are badly managed, collapsing or both. This is the biggest, best document in the world: 

The report painstakingly put together the stats for 75 years, and just this past week, the BLOOM association called for all fish farms to cease trashing ocean fish stocks:  

And we need on-land fish farms raising vegetarians, like tilipia, not the exotic Atlantic salmon.

The global sewage damage from aquaculture is so bad it is now threatening the world's oxygen source, our vast oceans. The Bengal Bay, India, right now, is so polluted from fish farms, aquaculture, human sewage and trawling that scientists are shouting that it alone could tip to destroying our planet's oceans:

You need to wake up. The fish farm industry is already on land, and that is the future. Just have your own people check out my links and Google for an hour.

This fact you need to pay close attention to: Wild salmon are as important to BC as French is to Quebec:

Even your own BC MPs voted against party lines on Bill C-228, to get fish farms out of the water and put on land. 70% of BC Liberals voted against you. They know they will never be re-elected if they do not stand with wild Pacific salmon.

You need to wake up and do your own research into the science. Have your personal staff follow up my links and Google for an hour. 

I have received two awards – my most recent is a national award – for my work on the environmental damage caused by fish farms. 

My blog receives hundreds of thousands of page views from around the globe:

And then there is Kinder Morgan. Will we fight? "Just watch us."

DC Reid

Wednesday, 15 February 2017

KEY DOCUMENT: The Dark Side of Aquaculture - Bloom Report Slams Reduction Fisheries - Fish Meal for Fish Farms, False Eco-labels, Updated Feb 21, 2017

The Dark Side of Aquaculture

This new report slams the use of key global forage fish stocks for fish meal for farmed fish, poultry, hogs, etc:

Cashion is also the author, working with Daniel Pauly, at UBC, of the Sea Around Us paper on the global reduction fishery. Among other things, it said that of the top 20 forage fish stocks used for this purpose, 19 out of 20 are either mis-managed, collapsing, or both. See:

This new study slams the fish farm industry fishmeal industry:

"Throughout this report and a scientific study conducted simultaneously (Cashion et al., 2017), BLOOM and coauthors show that reduction fisheries are the result of the massive over exploitation of traditional fish stocks, and that they are now contributing to the sequential depletion of the very first links of the food chain, despite their crucial importance for marine ecosystems."

That sounds pretty bad, but just how bad are fish farm fisheries for fish meal? This bad: they break UN rules:

"Our study shows that fishmeal is mainly used by unsustainable aquaculture schemes that produce carnivorous fish (salmon, sea bream, etc.) but also to feed species such as pigs, poultry or mink that do not naturally eat fish and for which marine proteins are thus completely superfluous. The entire reduction fisheries cycle, from the initial targeting of edible fish to the final use of fishmeal in aquaculture, pig and poultry farming, is contrary to the ‘Code of conduct for responsible fisheries’ of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), which clearly states that fisheries must directly contribute to food security and that the reduction of small pelagics into fishmeal and fish oil should be limited to non-edible species (such as boarfish)."

Moving on, on several occasions I have looked into the following issue on this site: which, if any, of the various ecolabels and sustainability awards fish farms line up to obtain mean anything at all, for example, the BAPs, ASCs, MSCs among others. Bloom does not mince words:

"Finally, BLOOM’s report denounces the commercial logic of ecolabels, which, instead of solving the issue of overfishing, end up encouraging bad practices such as unsustainable aquaculture or unethical fisheries. The increasingly controversial MSC label (Marine Stewardship Council) already certifies 7% of the world’s reduction fisheries, although they exploit the very bottom of the food web and pose structural threats to food security. Thus greenwashed, MSC-certified reduction fisheries can then enter unsustainable aquaculture schemes of carnivorous fishes, which are then poised to obtain the MSC’s sister aquaculture label, the ASC (Aquaculture Stewardship Council). In other words, labels that have redefined sustainability reinforce each other by cross-referencing, promoting their weak standards and controversial certifications."

Just as I have been saying. The Monterey Bay system is good. If you want to buy seafood ethically, go to their site: It gives you green labels to buy, yellow to ponder and red to avoid - the latter includes farmed salmon.

Do go to the full report and read the conclusions: This is hard-nosed condemnation of reduction fisheries and farmed fish. Wild fish need to be used for human consumption, not taken out of human mouths from third world countries, and fed to first world consumer mouths, who can afford farmed salmon.

Here are some of the overall conclusions, starting on p20:

*Aquaculture that reduces small pelagic species to produce large predatory fish should be see as the ultimate proof that managing fisheries sustainably has failed.

*Fishing fleets and governments should steer clear from forage fisheries. 

* Legislation prohibiting the use of fishmeal in animal feed should be enacted.

* Reduction fisheries should not be eligible for sustainable certification.

* Refuse to reduce fish to produce fish, and adopt the contrary cradle-to-cradle solutions such as insect farming, resulting in waste problem management and protein production.

There you have it. Go look.

Also, there is a good quick blue box on feed conversion rates on page 18. The IFFO, believe it or not, vastly underestimates the weight of wild fish to produce one kg of farmed fish: 


There has been much confusion in the literature over conversion ratios, i.e. the amount of farmed fish that is produced from a given amount of wild-caught fish. For example, if every tonne of a given species required 5 tonnes of wild fish reduced into fishmeal, then the ratio would be 5:1. By considering the production of all farmed marine species (including carnivorous, omnivorous and herbivorous species), the International Fishmeal and Fish Oil Organisation (IFFO) fallaciously reports a ratio of 0.7:1, i.e. for every tonne of wild fish, the aquaculture industry produces almost 1.5t of output.[29] However, when single species conversion ratios are used, the conversion efficiency changes drastically and is clearly greater than 1:1.[135] Overall, it was estimated in the late 2000s that almost five kilos of forage fish were needed to produce one kilo of carnivorous fish in the late 2000s,[14]  with ratios as high as 10:1 for salmon in Chile. [136] Since then, however, this ration has decreased thanks to improvements in feed’s composition and has even been inferior to one in a few cases.


My contact with the Sea Around Us people is that it is about 2 to 2.2 to 1. You heard it here first.


Saturday, 4 February 2017

Killing Our Oceans With Fish

I am now working on a book about the global problems caused by fish farms.

This article, reaches the same conclusion that I have reached: global aquaculture is killing our oceans with fish/seafood:

"Several large rivers empty into the bay [of Bengal], carrying vast tides of untreated sewage, plastic, industrial waste and effluent from the agriculture and aquaculture industries14. The impact of this pollution could be catastrophic. The high load of organic pollutants, coupled with the diminution of the fish that keep them in control, could lead to massive plankton blooms, further reducing the water’s oxygen content."

The mega problem here are the blooms and reducing the world's oxygen. This is the result of a rampantly growing fish farm/seafood industry world wide. The only thing to be said for the Norwegian fish farms, for example, Marine Harvest, Cermaq and Grieg Seafood, is that they are the 'clean' part of an appalling industry that is killing the world we live in.


And their warning is the same as mine:

"What is unfolding in the bay is a catastrophic convergence of flawed policy, economic over-exploitation, unsustainable forms of waste management, and climate change impacts that are intensifying in unpredictable ways. The scientists who identified the bay’s dead zone warn that this stretch of ocean is approaching a tipping point that will have serious consequences for the planet’s oceans and the global nitrogen cycle."

The Guardian post has lots of information on the perils of fish farms/fisheries/seafood.